Analogic Corporation
ANALOGIC CORP (Form: 10-Q, Received: 06/09/2010 17:18:19)
Table of Contents

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended April 30, 2010

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from              to             

Commission File Number 0-6715

 

 

ANALOGIC CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Massachusetts   04-2454372

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

8 Centennial Drive, Peabody, Massachusetts   01960
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(978) 326-4000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   x     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes   ¨     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨       Accelerated filer  x
Non-accelerated filer   ¨   (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.)    Yes   ¨     No   x

The number of shares of common stock outstanding at May 28, 2010 was 12,884,649.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

ANALOGIC CORPORATION

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

          Page No.

Part I. Financial Information

  
Item 1.    Financial Statements   
   Unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheets as of April 30, 2010 and July 31, 2009    3
  

Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Nine Months Ended
April 30, 2010 and 2009

   4
  

Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended
April 30, 2010 and 2009

   5
   Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements    6
Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations    22
Item 3.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk    32
Item 4.    Controls and Procedures    32

Part II. Other Information

  
Item 1A.    Risk Factors    33
Item 2.    Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds    33
Item 6.    Exhibits    34

Signatures

   35

Exhibit Index

   36

 

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Table of Contents

Part I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

ANALOGIC CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

    

April 30,

2010

       

July 31,

2009

Assets         

Current assets:

        

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 168,750        $ 119,855 

Marketable securities

             40,438 

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $737 and $728 at April 30, 2010 and July 31, 2009, respectively

     69,188          64,874 

Inventories

     87,339          79,011 

Refundable and deferred income taxes

     9,378          11,131 

Other current assets

     12,610            8,982 

Total current assets

     347,265          324,291 

Property, plant, and equipment, net

     80,043          83,688 

Capitalized software, net

     3,714          5,037 

Intangible assets, net

     40,493          40,792 

Goodwill

     1,849          2,043 

Other assets

     3,437          328 

Deferred income tax assets

     8,505            7,935 

Total Assets

   $ 485,306          $ 464,114 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity         

Current liabilities:

        

Accounts payable

   $ 28,659        $ 22,064 

Accrued liabilities

     30,400          30,330 

Advance payments and deferred revenue

     11,968          7,757 

Accrued income taxes

     4,767           

Total current liabilities

     75,794          60,151 

Long-term liabilities:

        

Accrued income taxes

     5,366          5,541 

Other long-term liabilities

     1,444          903 

Deferred income tax liabilities

     410           

Total long-term liabilities

     7,220          6,444 

Commitments and guarantees (Note 14)

        

Stockholders’ equity:

        

Common stock, $.05 par value

     644          640 

Capital in excess of par value

     74,763          70,704 

Retained earnings

     320,790          316,079 

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     6,095            10,096 

Total stockholders’ equity

     402,292            397,519 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

   $         485,306          $         464,114 

 

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Table of Contents

ANALOGIC CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

    

Three Months Ended

April 30,

       

Nine Months Ended

April 30,

   2010         2009         2010         2009

Net revenue:

                    

Product

   $         99,813        $         86,864        $     287,886        $     276,255 

Engineering

     5,659          4,846          11,925          14,547 

Other

     1,728            1,883            6,030            7,058 

Total net revenue

     107,200            93,593            305,841            297,860 

Cost of sales:

                    

Product

     62,729          55,908          182,513          183,008 

Engineering

     4,825          5,148          11,497          14,631 

Other

     1,606            1,576            4,727            5,062 

Total cost of sales

     69,160            62,632            198,737            202,701 

Gross margin

     38,040            30,961            107,104            95,159 

Operating expenses:

                    

Research and product development

     12,588          10,572          36,177          34,497 

Selling and marketing

     9,374          8,985          28,298          28,397 

General and administrative

     9,891          9,899          30,704          30,363 

Restructuring charge

                         764            3,488 

Total operating expenses

     31,853            29,456            95,943            96,745 

Income (loss) from operations

     6,187            1,505            11,161            (1,586)

Other income (expense):

                    

Interest income, net

     161          531          487          2,306 

Other

     (45)           (158)           (462)           739 

Total other income, net

     116            373            25            3,045 

Income before income taxes

     6,303          1,878          11,186          1,459 

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

     1,467            (373)           2,700            (2,531)

Net income

   $ 4,836          $ 2,251          $ 8,486          $ 3,990 

Net income per share:

                                          

Basic

   $ 0.38          $ 0.18         $ 0.67          $ 0.31 

Diluted

   $ 0.38          $ 0.18         $ 0.67          $ 0.31 

Weighted-average shares outstanding:

                    

Basic

     12,587          12,619         12,574          12,896 

Diluted

     12,629          12,691         12,605          12,990 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

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ANALOGIC CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 

    

Nine Months Ended

April 30,

     2010         2009

OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

        

Net income

   $ 8,486        $ 3,990 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

        

Benefit from deferred income taxes

     (1,699)         (1,599)

Depreciation and amortization

     13,042          12,867 

Allowance for doubtful accounts and notes receivable

     241          210 

Net loss (gain) on sale of property, plant, and equipment

     19          (25)

Share-based compensation expense

     3,827          3,786 

Excess tax provision from share-based compensation

     118          123 

Restructuring charge

     764          3,488 

Net changes in operating assets and liabilities (Note 11)

     (1,649)           (13,122)

NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITES

     23,149            9,718 

INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

        

Additions to property, plant, and equipment

     (7,028)         (8,016)

Investments in and advances to affiliated companies

     (1,900)         (2)

Capitalized software development costs

     (416)         (1,521)

Purchase of short-term held-to-maturity marketable securities

             (180,507)

Maturities of short-term held-to-maturity marketable securities

     40,438          128,487 

Acquisition of business, net of cash acquired

             (350)

Proceeds from the sale of property, plant, and equipment

     176            35 

NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED FOR) INVESTING ACTIVITIES

     31,270            (61,874)

FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

        

Net issuance of stock pursuant to exercise of stock options and employee stock purchase plan

     283          149 

Excess tax provision from share-based compensation

     (118)         (123)

Purchase of common stock

             (25,022)

Dividends paid to stockholders

     (3,775)           (3,913)

NET CASH USED FOR FINANCING ACTIVITIES

     (3,610)           (28,909)

EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON CASH

     (1,914)           (4,107)

NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

   $ 48,895          $ (85,172)

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, BEGINNING OF PERIOD

     119,855            173,912 

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, END OF PERIOD

   $     168,750          $ 88,740 

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

        

Refunds received for income taxes, net

   $ 2,065        $ 5,026 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

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ANALOGIC CORPORATION

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

1. Basis of presentation:

Company

Analogic Corporation (“Analogic” or the “Company”) is a high technology company that designs and manufactures advanced medical imaging and security systems and subsystems sold to Original Equipment Manufacturers (“OEMs”) and end users in the healthcare and homeland security markets. The Company is recognized worldwide for advancing state-of-the-art technology in the areas of medical Computed Tomography (“CT”), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (“MRI”), Digital Mammography, Specialized Ultrasound, and Automatic Explosives Detection Systems for airport security. The Company’s OEM customers incorporate its technology into systems they in-turn sell for various medical and security applications. The Company also sells its ultrasound products directly to hospitals and clinics through its direct worldwide sales force under the business name B-K Medical ApS (“B-K Medical”). The Company’s top ten customers combined for approximately 67% and 68% of the Company’s total product and engineering revenue for the three months ended April 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively, and 66% and 69% of the Company’s total product and engineering revenue for the nine months ended April 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The Company had four customers, as set forth in the table below, which individually accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s net product and engineering revenue during the three or nine months ended April 30, 2010 or 2009.

 

        Three Months Ended April 30,                       Nine Months Ended April 30,           
        2010              2009              2010              2009  

Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. (“Philips”)

  16 %           15 %           15 %           15 %     

Toshiba Corporation

  ( *)           12 %           13 %           14 %     

L-3 Communications Corporation (“L-3”)

  ( *)           11 %           ( *)           10 %     

Siemens AG

  ( *)           10 %           ( *)           ( *)     

Note (*): Total product and engineering revenue was less than 10% in this period.

Philips accounted for 18% and 12% of net accounts receivable at April 30, 2010 and July 31, 2009, respectively, while General Electric Company accounted for 10% of net accounts receivable at April 30, 2010 and L-3 accounted for 13% of net accounts receivable at July 31, 2009.

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries, all of which are wholly owned. Investments in companies in which ownership interests range from 10% to 50%, and the Company exercises significant influence over operating and financial policies, are accounted for using the equity method. Other investments are accounted for using the cost method.

General

The unaudited consolidated financial statements of the Company presented herein have been prepared pursuant to the rules of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) for quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and do not include all of the information and note disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for complete financial statements. Preparing financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, and expenses. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting solely of normal recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair statement of the results for all interim periods presented. The results of operations for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2010 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the fiscal year ending July 31, 2010 (“fiscal year 2010”), or any other interim period. These statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the fiscal year ended July 31, 2009 (“fiscal year 2009”) included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K as filed with the SEC on September 29, 2009. The accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheet as of July 31, 2009 contains data derived from audited financial statements.

Basis of Presentation

In the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2009, the Company identified certain amounts totaling $1,072 recorded within “Effect Of Exchange Rate Changes On Cash” in its unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended April 30, 2009 that more appropriately should have been classified within cash flow from operating activities and investing activities. The Company determined that this change in classification was not material to its unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for fiscal year 2009 and corrected the classification in the accompanying unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

 

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ANALOGIC CORPORATION

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Continued)

 

Reclassifications

Certain financial statement items have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.

2. Recent accounting pronouncements:

Recently adopted

Hierarchy of generally accepted accounting principles

In June 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) released the FASB Accounting Standards Codification and the Hierarchy of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (the “Codification”), effective for financial statements issued for interim and annual periods ending after September 15, 2009. The Codification does not change GAAP, but does significantly change the way in which the accounting literature is organized, combining all authoritative standards in a comprehensive, topically organized database. All existing accounting standards documents were superseded and all other accounting literature not included in the Codification is considered nonauthoritative, other than guidance issued by the SEC. The Company adopted the provisions of this guidance during the quarter ended October 31, 2009, which had no impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

Business combinations and noncontrolling interests

Effective August 1, 2009, the Company adopted FASB guidance that requires an acquiring entity in a business combination to record all assets acquired and liabilities assumed at their respective acquisition date fair values, changes the recognition of assets acquired and liabilities assumed arising from contingencies, changes the recognition and measurement of contingent consideration, and requires the expensing of acquisition-related costs as incurred. This guidance also requires additional disclosure of information surrounding a business combination, such that users of the entity’s financial statements can more fully understand the nature and financial impact of the business combination. This guidance applies prospectively to business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after the beginning of the first annual reporting period beginning on or after December 15, 2008, which is the Company’s fiscal year 2010. An entity may not apply it before that date. The provisions of this guidance will only impact the Company if the Company is a party to a business combination after July 31, 2009.

Effective August 1, 2009, the Company adopted FASB guidance that establishes accounting and reporting standards for ownership interests in subsidiaries held by parties other than the parent, the amount of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and to the noncontrolling interest, changes in a parent’s ownership interest, and the valuation of retained noncontrolling equity investments when a subsidiary is deconsolidated. This guidance also establishes disclosure requirements that clearly identify and distinguish between the interests of the parent and the interests of the noncontrolling owners. This guidance was effective as of the beginning of the first annual reporting period that began after December 15, 2008. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

Effective August 1, 2009, the Company adopted FASB guidance amending the factors that should be considered in developing renewal or extension assumptions used to determine the useful life of a recognized intangible asset and requiring enhanced related disclosures. The guidance improves the consistency between the useful life of a recognized intangible asset and the period of expected cash flows used to measure the fair value of the asset. This guidance must be applied prospectively to all intangible assets acquired as of and subsequent to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. Although future transactions involving intangible assets may be affected by this guidance, it did not impact the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows, as the Company did not acquire any intangible assets during the nine months ended April 30, 2010.

Effective August 1, 2009, the Company adopted FASB guidance that amends and clarifies the initial recognition and measurement, subsequent measurement and accounting, and related disclosures of assets and liabilities arising from contingencies in a business combination. The impact of the adoption on the Company’s consolidated financial statements will largely depend on the size and nature of any business combinations. The provisions of this amendment will only impact the Company if the Company is a party to a business combination after July 31, 2009.

 

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ANALOGIC CORPORATION

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Continued)

 

Fair value

Effective August 1, 2009, the Company adopted FASB guidance requiring disclosures about fair value of financial instruments for interim and annual reporting periods and is effective for interim reporting periods ending after June 15, 2009. The adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

In August 2009, the FASB issued an update, which provides clarification and guidance regarding how to value a liability when a quoted price in an active market is not available for that liability. The changes as a result of this update were effective for the Company on November 1, 2009. The Company’s adoption of these changes did not have a material effect on its financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

In January 2010, the FASB issued updated guidance related to fair value measurements and disclosures, which requires a reporting entity to disclose separately the amounts of significant transfers in and out of Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements and to describe the reasons for the transfers. In addition, in the reconciliation for fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs, or Level 3, a reporting entity should disclose separately information about purchases, sales, issuances and settlements (that is, on a gross basis rather than one net number). The updated guidance also requires that an entity should provide fair value measurement disclosures for each class of assets and liabilities and disclosures about the valuation techniques and inputs used to measure fair value for both recurring and non-recurring fair value measurements for Level 2 and Level 3 fair value measurements. The updated guidance is effective for interim or annual financial reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2009, except for the disclosures about purchases, sales, issuances and settlements in the roll forward activity in Level 3 fair value measurements, which are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2010 and for interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company does not expect adoption of the updated guidance to have a material impact on its financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

Earnings per share

Effective August 1, 2009, the Company adopted FASB guidance that classifies unvested share-based payment awards that contain nonforfeitable rights to dividends or dividend equivalents (whether paid or unpaid) as participating securities and requires them to be included in the computation of earnings per share pursuant to the two-class method. The guidance was effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008, and interim periods within those years. All prior-period earnings per share data presented are to be adjusted retrospectively (including interim financial statements, summaries of earnings, and selected financial data) to conform with this guidance, with early application not permitted. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

Revenue recognition

In October 2009, the FASB issued an amendment which eliminates the residual method of allocation for multiple-deliverable revenue arrangements and requires that arrangement consideration be allocated at the inception of an arrangement to all deliverables using the relative selling price method. The amendment also establishes a selling price hierarchy for determining the selling price of a deliverable, which includes: (1) vendor specific objective evidence (“VSOE”) if available; (2) third-party evidence (“TPE”) if VSOE evidence is not available; and (3) estimated selling price (“ESP”) if neither VSOE nor TPE is available. Additionally, the amendment expands the disclosure requirements related to a vendor’s multiple-deliverable revenue arrangements. This amendment is effective for the Company on August 1, 2010; however, the Company has elected to early adopt as permitted by the amendment and will prospectively apply the provisions of the amendment to all revenue arrangements entered into or materially modified after July 31, 2009. The adoption of the amendment did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. See Note 3 for further discussion.

In October 2009, the FASB issued an amendment to the accounting model for revenue arrangements that include both tangible products and software elements, such that tangible products containing both software and non-software components that function together to deliver the tangible product’s essential functionality are no longer within the scope of software revenue guidance. This amendment is effective for the Company on August 1, 2010; however, the Company has elected to early adopt as permitted by the amendment and will prospectively apply the provisions of the amendment to all revenue arrangements entered into or materially modified after July 31, 2009. The adoption of the amendment did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

 

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ANALOGIC CORPORATION

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Continued)

 

Not yet effective

Special purpose entities

In June 2009, the FASB issued guidance that eliminates the concept of a qualified special-purpose entity and related guidance, creates more stringent conditions for reporting a transfer of a portion of a financial asset as a sale, clarifies other sale-accounting criteria, and changes the initial measurement of a transferor’s interest in transferred financial assets. This guidance is effective as of the beginning of the first annual reporting period that begins after November 15, 2009. The Company is currently evaluating the effect, if any, that adoption of this guidance will have on its financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.

In June 2009, the FASB issued guidance that requires former qualified special-purpose entities to be evaluated for consolidation, changes the approach to determining a variable interest entity’s (“VIE”) primary beneficiary, and requires companies to more frequently reassess whether they must consolidate VIEs. This guidance is effective as of the beginning of the first annual reporting period that begins after November 15, 2009. The Company is currently evaluating the effect, if any, that adoption of this guidance will have on its financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

Revenue recognition

In March 2010, the FASB issued guidance related to revenue recognition that applies to arrangements with milestones relating to research or development deliverables. This guidance provides criteria that must be met to recognize consideration that is contingent upon achievement of a substantive milestone in its entirety in the period in which the milestone is achieved. This guidance is effective for the Company on August 1, 2010 and is not expected to have a material impact on its financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.

3. Significant accounting policies:

The Company has had no changes to its significant accounting policies from those described in the notes to its consolidated financial statements for fiscal year 2009 that were included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K as filed with the SEC on September 29, 2009, except for allocation of consideration in multiple element revenue arrangements.

As discussed in Note 2, the Company early adopted guidance on August 1, 2009 that eliminates the residual method of allocation for multiple-deliverable revenue arrangements and requires that arrangement consideration be allocated at the inception of an arrangement to all deliverables using the relative selling price method.

Per the provisions of this guidance, the Company allocates arrangement consideration to each deliverable qualifying as a separate unit of accounting in an arrangement based on its relative selling price. The Company determines selling price using VSOE, if it exists, and otherwise TPE. If neither VSOE nor TPE of selling price exists for a unit of accounting, the Company uses ESP. The Company generally expects that it will not be able to establish TPE due to the nature of the markets in which the Company competes, and, as such, the Company typically will determine selling price using VSOE or, if not available, ESP.

VSOE is generally limited to the price charged when the same or similar product or service is sold separately or, if applicable, the stated substantive renewal rate in the agreement. If a product or service is seldom sold separately, it is unlikely that the Company can determine VSOE for the product or service. The Company defines VSOE as a median price of recent standalone transactions that are priced within a narrow range, as defined by the Company, or stated renewal rates in contracts.

TPE is determined based on the prices charged by competitors of the Company for a similar deliverable when sold separately. As noted above, the Company typically is not able to use TPE, as the Company is usually not able to obtain sufficient information on competitor pricing to substantiate TPE.

If the Company is unable to establish selling price using VSOE or TPE, and the order was received or materially modified after July 31, 2009, the Company will use ESP in its allocation of arrangement consideration. The objective of ESP is to determine the price at which the Company would transact if the product or service were sold by the Company on a standalone basis.

 

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ANALOGIC CORPORATION

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Continued)

 

The Company’s determination of ESP involves a weighting of several factors based on the specific facts and circumstances of the arrangement. Specifically, the Company will consider the cost to produce the deliverable, the anticipated margin on that deliverable, the selling price and profit margin for similar parts, and the Company’s ongoing pricing strategy and policies.

The Company will determine ESP for deliverables in future agreements based on the specific facts and circumstances of the arrangement. The Company plans to analyze the selling prices used in its allocation of arrangement consideration at least annually. Selling prices will be analyzed on a more frequent basis if a significant change in the Company’s business necessitates a more timely analysis or if the Company experiences significant variances in its selling prices.

4. Share-based payment:

The Company estimates the fair value of stock options using the Black-Scholes valuation model and the fair value of the Company’s restricted stock awards, which include shares of restricted stock and restricted stock units, based on the quoted market price of its common stock or the use of a Monte-Carlo Simulation Model. For time or service-based awards, the Company recognizes the associated share-based compensation expense on a straight-line basis over the vesting periods of the awards, net of estimated forfeitures. Forfeiture rates are estimated based on historical pre-vesting forfeitures and are updated on the vesting dates to reflect actual forfeitures. For performance-based awards with an earnings per share related target, management evaluates the probability of meeting the performance criteria at each balance sheet date and related compensation cost is amortized over the performance period on a straight-line basis because such awards vest only at the end of the measurement period. Changes to the probability assessment and the estimate of shares expected to vest will result in adjustments to the related share-based compensation expense that will be recorded in the period of the change. If the performance is not achieved, no compensation cost is recognized and any previously recognized compensation cost is reversed. For performance-based awards with a market condition related target, related compensation cost is amortized over the performance period on a straight-line basis, net of estimated forfeitures, regardless of whether the awards are ultimately earned.

On January 29, 2010, the Company’s stockholders approved a new share-based compensation plan named the “2009 Stock Incentive Plan”. Under the Company’s 2009 Stock Incentive Plan, up to 1,600,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, $.05 par value per share, may be awarded. Awards may be in the form of stock options, stock appreciation rights (“SARs”), shares of restricted stock, restricted stock units or other stock-based awards. Stock options granted under the 2009 Stock Incentive Plan may not be granted at an exercise price less than 100% of the fair market value of the common stock on the date of grant. Options may not be granted for a term in excess of ten years. Except in certain circumstances, options that vest based on continued service of the optionee may not vest earlier than one year from the date of grant. SARs granted under the 2009 Stock Incentive Plan must have a measurement price not less than 100% of the fair market value on the date of grant. SARs may not be granted for a term in excess of ten years. Restricted stock may be granted subject to the Company’s right to repurchase all or part of such shares at their issue price or other stated or formula price (or to require forfeiture if such shares are issued at no cost) from the recipient in the event that conditions of the grant are not satisfied prior to the end of the restriction period. Such conditions may include the achievement of performance goals or continued service with the Company. Except in certain circumstances, restricted stock that vests solely based on the passage of time will be zero percent vested prior to the first anniversary of the date of grant, no more than one-third vested prior to the second anniversary of the date of grant, and no more than two-thirds vested prior to the third anniversary of the date of grant.

 

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ANALOGIC CORPORATION

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Continued)

 

The following table presents share-based compensation expenses included in the Company’s unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations:

 

    

Three Months Ended

April 30,

       

Nine Months Ended

April 30,

     2010             2009             2010             2009    

    Cost of product sales

   $ 178         $ 69         $ 343         $ 214  

    Research and product development

     401           279           996           874  

    Selling and marketing

     149           149           414           444  

    General and administrative

     661             591             2,074             2,254  

    Share-based compensation expense before tax

           1,389                 1,088           3,827           3,786  

    Income tax effect

     449             571             1,250             1,191  

    Net share-based compensation expense

   $ 940           $ 517           $       2,577           $       2,595  

In the fiscal year ended July 31, 2008 (“fiscal year 2008”) and fiscal year 2009, the Company’s Compensation Committee (the “Committee”) granted performance contingent restricted stock awards (“performance awards”) in the form of shares, which will vest if specific pre-established levels of performance are achieved at the end of a three-year performance cycle, which is July 31, 2010 for 89,544 shares granted in fiscal year 2008 and July 31, 2011 for 42,098 shares granted in fiscal year 2009. The performance goal for the performance awards is based solely on the compounded annual growth of an adjusted earnings per share metric. The actual number of shares to be issued will be determined at the end of each three-year performance cycle and can range from zero to, in most cases, 200% of the target award, or up to 263,284 shares. The actual number of shares to be issued will also include the payment of accumulated dividends on the actual number of shares earned. The maximum compensation expense for the performance awards is $15,397 based on a weighted average grant date fair value of $58.48 per share. Compensation expense is being recognized over the performance period based on the number of shares that is deemed to be probable of vesting at the end of each three-year performance cycle. As of April 30, 2010, the Company estimated that total awards covering 12,202 shares with an aggregate value of $722 were deemed probable of vesting out of awards totaling 131,642 outstanding shares. During the three months ended April 30, 2010 and 2009, compensation expense of $105 and $29, respectively, was recognized for the performance awards based on the number of shares deemed probable of vesting. During the nine months ended April 30, 2010 and 2009, compensation expense of $188 and $449, respectively, was recognized for the performance awards based on the number of shares deemed probable of vesting.

In the nine months ended April 30, 2010, the Committee granted performance awards in the form of shares of restricted stock and restricted stock units, of which 109,699 will vest based upon achievement of certain targets over the three-year period ending July 31, 2012 with respect to the Company’s cumulative non-GAAP earnings per share and 109,692 will vest based upon achievement of certain targets over the three-year period ending July 31, 2012 with respect to the Company’s relative total shareholder return (“TSR”) as determined against a specified peer group. The actual number of shares to be issued will be determined at the end of each three-year performance cycle and can range from zero to, in most cases, 200% of the target award, or up to 438,782 shares. The issuance of the shares will be accompanied by the payment of accumulated dividends on the actual number of shares earned. The maximum compensation expense for the performance awards with the non-GAAP earnings per share target is $8,785 based on a weighted average grant date fair value of $40.04 per share as determined by the closing stock price on the date of grant. Compensation expense is being recognized over the performance period for the performance awards with the non-GAAP earnings per share target based on the number of shares that are deemed to be probable of vesting at the end of each three-year performance cycle. As of April 30, 2010, the Company estimated that total non-GAAP earnings per share awards covering 27,947 shares and units with a value of $1,119 were deemed probable of vesting out of awards totaling outstanding shares and units. During the three and nine months ended April 30, 2010, the Company recognized compensation expense of $75 and $142, respectively, for the performance awards with the non-GAAP earnings per share target based on the number of shares deemed probable of vesting. The compensation expense for the performance awards with the TSR target is $4,575, which will be recognized on a straight-line basis, net of estimated forfeitures, over a derived service period of 2.7 years. The weighted average grant date fair values of awards granted with a TSR

 

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ANALOGIC CORPORATION

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Continued)

 

target were $47.47 per share during the nine months ended April 30, 2010. The fair value of awards with a TSR target at date of grant was estimated using a Monte-Carlo Simulation Model with the following assumptions:

 

    

    Nine Months Ended        

    April 30,        

         2010        

Stock Price (1)

   $      40.04    

Expected volatility factor (2)

   51%    

Risk-free interest rate (3)

   1.19%    

Expected annual dividend yield (4)

   0.0%    

 

    (1) The stock price is the weighted average closing price of the Company’s common stock on the dates of grant.
    (2) The stock volatility for each grant is determined based on the historical volatility for the peer group companies over a period equal to the remaining term of the performance period from the date of grant for all awards.
    (3) The risk-free interest rate for periods equal to the performance period is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant.
    (4) Dividends are considered reinvested when calculating TSR. For the purpose of the fair value model, the dividend yield is therefore considered to be 0%.

The Company estimates the fair value of stock options using the Black-Scholes valuation model. Key input assumptions used to estimate the fair value of stock options include the exercise price of the award, the expected option term, the expected volatility of the Company’s common stock over the option’s expected term, the risk-free interest rate over the option’s expected term, and the Company’s expected annual dividend yield. The Company believes that the valuation technique and the approach utilized to develop the underlying assumptions are appropriate in calculating the fair values of the Company’s outstanding stock options. Estimates of fair value are not intended to predict actual future events or the value ultimately realized by persons who receive equity-based awards.

The weighted average grant date fair values of options granted were $11.08 per share during the three months ended April 30, 2009, and $14.56 and $18.56 per share during the nine months ended April 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. There were no options grants during the three months ended April 30, 2010. The fair value of options at date of grant was estimated using the Black-Scholes valuation model with the following assumptions:

 

    

    Three Months        

    April 30,        

       

    Nine Months Ended        

    April 30,        

         2009                   2010                   2009      

Expected option term (1)

   4.7 years           4.8 years           4.7 years    

Expected volatility factor (2)

   34%           43%           34%    

Risk-free interest rate (3)

   3.04%           2.20%           3.04%    

Expected annual dividend yield (4)

   0.6%           1.0%           0.6%    

 

(1) The option life was determined by estimating the expected option life using historical data.
(2) The stock volatility for each grant is determined based on the review of the weighted average of historical daily price changes of the Company’s common stock over the most recent five years, which approximates the expected option life of the grant.
(3) The risk-free interest rate for periods equal to the expected term of the option is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant.
(4) The expected annual dividend yield is calculated by dividing the expected annual dividends by the stock price on the date of grant.

 

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ANALOGIC CORPORATION

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Continued)

 

The weighted average fair values of the options granted under the employee stock purchase plan was $8.37 per share for the nine months ended April 30, 2010 and $5.80 per share during the nine months ended April 30, 2009. The fair value of options at the date of grant was estimated using the Black-Scholes valuation model with the following assumptions:

 

    

    Three and Nine Months Ended        

    April 30,        

     2010             2009    

Expected option term

   0.5 years           0.5 years    

Expected volatility factor

   50%           50%    

Risk-free interest rate

   2.62%           1.45%    

Expected annual dividend yield

   1.1%           1.5%    

The following table sets forth the stock option and restricted stock award transactions from July 31, 2009 to April 30, 2010:

 

   

Stock Options Outstanding

 

      

Time-Based

Unvested Restricted

Stock Awards

 

      

Performance-Based

Unvested Restricted

Stock Awards

 

   

Number  

of Shares  

       

    Weighted    

    Average    

    Exercise    

    Price    

      

Weighted    

Average    

Remaining    

Contractual    

Term    

(years)    

      

Aggregate    

Intrinsic    

Value    

       Number 
of Shares/Units 
       

Weighted    

Average    

Grant Date    

Fair Value    

       Number 
of Shares/Units 
       

Weighted    

Average    

Grant Date    

Fair Value    

Outstanding at July 31, 2009

  415,021          $         53.84        4.55        $ 167        113,309        $ 55.62        137,909        $ 58.55  

Granted

  6,000          39.61                4,000          39.61        221,527          43.76  

Exercised

  (10,933 )          37.02                -            -        -            -  

Vesting of restricted stock

  -            -                  (27,112 )          53.68        -            -  

Cancelled (forfeited and expired)

  (49,374 )          52.40                  (4,690 )          57.15        (8,403 )          55.96  

Outstanding at April 30, 2010

  360,714          54.20        4.34          1,046        85,507          55.31        351,033          49.28  

Options vested or expected to

vest at April 30, 2010 (1)

  337,213          53.96        4.26          983                    

Options exercisable at
April 30, 2010

  157,474          49.70        2.60          479                    

 

    (1) In addition to the vested options, the Company expects a portion of the unvested options to vest at some point in the future. Options expected to vest are calculated by applying an estimated forfeiture rate to the unvested options.

5. Marketable securities and fair value:

The Company measures the fair value of its financial assets and liabilities and non-financial assets and liabilities at least annually using a fair value hierarchy based on three levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, as follows:

 

   

Level 1 – Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

   

Level 2 – Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

 

   

Level 3 – Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

The Company’s cash equivalents and marketable securities are comprised primarily of U.S. government discount notes at April 30, 2010 and certificates of deposit at July 31, 2009.

 

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ANALOGIC CORPORATION

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Continued)

 

In accordance with the fair value hierarchy, the following table shows the fair value as of April 30, 2010 of those financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis, according to the valuation techniques the Company used to determine their fair market value. The Company did not have any financial assets or liabilities measured at fair value at July 31, 2009 or any financial assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis at April 30, 2010 or July 31, 2009.

 

     Level 1         Level 2         Level 3         Total

Cash equivalents

                    

US government obligations

       $     71,368               $     -               $     -               $     71,368  

The Company did not have any marketable securities at April 30, 2010. The following table summarizes the composition of the Company’s marketable securities at July 31, 2009.

 

               Gross Unrealized              
     Cost             Gain             Loss             Fair Value    

July 31, 2009

                    

Held-to-Maturity Securities

                    

Certificates of Deposits

       $     40,438               $     -               $     -               $     40,438  

There were no realized gains or losses on marketable securities in the three and nine months ended April 30, 2010 and 2009, as the cost approximated fair value.

6. Goodwill and other intangible assets:

The carrying amount of the goodwill at April 30, 2010 and July 31, 2009 was $1,849 and $2,043, respectively. The decrease in goodwill of $194 from July 31, 2009 to April 30, 2010 was due to an adjustment to the purchase price of Copley Controls Corporation (“Copley”), which was released to the Company from escrow in the first quarter of fiscal year 2010.

In April 2010, the Company invested $1,900 in a start-up company with proprietary technology expected to be utilized in the Company’s Specialized Ultrasound business. The investment is being accounted for using the equity method and the entire $1,900 has been allocated to in-process research and development. Intangible assets at April 30, 2010 and July 31, 2009 consisted of the following:

 

     April 30, 2010         July 31, 2009
     Cost            

Accumulated    

Amortization    

        Net             Cost            

Accumulated    

Amortization    

        Net    

Developed technology

   $     11,771         $     2,296         $     9,475         $     11,771         $     1,450         $     10,321  

Customer relationships

     25,200           3,689           21,511           25,200           2,336           22,864  

Tradename

     7,607           -           7,607           7,607           -           7,607  

In-process research and development

     1,900             -             1,900             -             -             -  

Total

   $ 46,478           $ 5,985           $ 40,493           $ 44,578           $ 3,786           $ 40,792  

Amortization expense related to acquired intangible assets was $733 and $718 for the three months ended April 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively, and $2,199 and $3,050 for the nine months ended April 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

 

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ANALOGIC CORPORATION

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Continued)

 

The estimated future amortization expenses related to intangible assets for each of the five succeeding fiscal years is expected to be as follows:

 

2010 (Remaining three months)

    $ 732

2011

     2,931

2012

     2,931

2013

     2,931

2014 and thereafter

     21,461
    $         30,986

The Company tests goodwill and indefinite lived intangible assets for impairment at the reporting unit level on an annual basis and between annual tests if an event occurs or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of the reporting unit below its carrying value. Goodwill represents the purchase price in excess of the net amount assigned to assets acquired and liabilities assumed by the Company in connection with the acquisition of Copley on April 14, 2008. The tradename represents the value allocated to the Copley tradename in connection with the acquisition of Copley. The goodwill and Copley tradename are part of the OEM reporting unit, which the Company tests for goodwill impairment during the second quarter of each fiscal year.

In the second quarter of fiscal year 2010, the Company performed the first step of the two-step impairment test for goodwill and tradename. For the goodwill, the Company compared the fair value of the OEM reporting unit to its carrying value during the second quarter of fiscal year 2010. The Company’s approach considered both the market approach and income approach. Equal weighting was given to each approach. Under the market approach, the fair value of the reporting unit is based on trading multiples. In the market approach, the Company assumed a control premium of 15% for the reporting unit, which was determined based on an analysis of control premiums for relevant recent acquisitions. Under the income approach, the fair value of the reporting unit is based on the present value of estimated future cash flows. The income approach is dependent on a number of significant management assumptions including estimates of future sales, future gross margin percentage, and discount rates. The discount rate of 15.7% was determined after consideration of market rates of return on debt and equity capital, the weighted average return on invested capital and the risk associated with achieving forecasted sales for the reporting unit. The Company determined that the fair value of the reporting unit was more than the carrying value of the net assets of the reporting unit, and thus it was not necessary for the Company to perform step two of the impairment test for the goodwill.

For the tradename, the Company compared the fair value of the Copley tradename using the relief from royalty approach to its carrying value during the second quarter of fiscal year 2010. The relief from royalty approach utilized a 1.3% aftertax royalty rate and a discount rate of 17.7%. The aftertax royalty rate was determined based on royalty research and margin analysis while the discount rate was determined after consideration of market rates of return on debt and equity capital, the weighted average return on invested capital and the risk associated with achieving forecasted sales for the Copley tradename. The Company determined that the fair value of the Copley tradename was more than its carrying value.

Given the current economic environment and the uncertainties regarding its impact on the Company’s business, there can be no assurance that the Company’s estimates and assumptions regarding the duration of the ongoing economic downturn, or the period or strength of recovery, made for purposes of its goodwill and tradename impairment testing during the second quarter of fiscal year 2010 will prove to be accurate predictions of the future. If the Company’s assumptions regarding forecasted revenue or margin growth rates of the reporting unit and tradename are not achieved, the Company may be required to record an impairment charge for the goodwill and tradename in future periods, whether in connection with the Company’s next annual impairment testing in the second quarter of fiscal year ending July 31, 2011, or prior to that if any such change constitutes a triggering event outside of the quarter from when the annual goodwill and tradename impairment test is performed. It is not possible at this time to determine if any such future impairment charge would result or, if it does, whether such charge would be material.

 

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ANALOGIC CORPORATION

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Continued)

 

7. Restructuring and voluntary retirement charges:

In the second quarter of fiscal year 2010, the Company reduced its workforce by 17 employees worldwide. The total costs of this plan, including severance and personnel related costs, was $764 and was recorded as a restructuring charge during the nine months ended April 30, 2010.

In the second quarter of fiscal year 2009, the Company reduced its workforce by 145 employees worldwide and recorded a restructuring charge of $3,488 for severance and personnel related costs during the nine months ended April 30, 2009. Included in this restructuring were 29 employees from Copley. The severance and personnel related costs for the Copley employees of $323 were accrued for in fiscal year 2008 in connection with the acquisition.

The following table summarizes accrued restructuring and voluntary retirement charges activity from July 31, 2008 through April 30, 2010:

 

         Involuntary     
      Employee     
     Severance     
             Facility     
      Exit     
     Costs     
             Voluntary     
      Retirement     
     Program     
              Copley     
         Acquisition        
             Total       

    Balance at July 31, 2008

  $ 309        $ -          $ 3,395        $ 1,376        $ 5,080   

Cash payments

    (266 )           -              (3,287 )           (113 )           (3,666 )  

    Balance at October 31, 2008

    43          -            108          1,263          1,414   

Restructuring charge

    3,488          -            -            -            3,488   

Cash payments

    (96 )         -            (83 )         (351 )         (530 )  

Foreign exchange

    (39 )           -              -              -              (39 )  

    Balance at January 31, 2009

    3,396          -            25          912          4,333   

Cash payments

    (1,559 )         -            (25 )         (305 )         (1,889 )  

Foreign exchange

    26            -              -              -              26   

    Balance at April 30, 2009

    1,863          -            -            607          2,470   

Restructuring charge

    2,073          1,058          -            -            3,131   

Cash payments

    (1,250 )         -            -            (206 )         (1,456 )  

Reversal through goodwill

    -            -            -            (375 )         (375 )  

Foreign exchange

    42            -              -              -              42   

    Balance at July 31, 2009

    2,728          1,058          -            26          3,812   

Cash payments

    (1,211 )         (189 )         -            (26 )         (1,426 )  

Foreign exchange

    16            -              -              -              16   

    Balance at October 31, 2009

    1,533          869          -            -            2,402   

Restructuring charge

    764          -            -            -            764   

Cash payments

    (803 )         (189 )         -            -            (992 )  

Foreign exchange

    (7 )           -              -              -              (7 )  

    Balance at January 31, 2010

    1,487          680          -            -            2,167   

Restructuring charge

    -            -            -            -            -     

Cash payments

    (609 )         (189 )         -            -            (798 )  

Foreign exchange

    -              -              -              -              -     

    Balance at April 30, 2010

  $ 878          $ 491          $ -            $ -            $ 1,369   

The remaining cash expenditures as of April 30, 2010 consist of approximately $878 in employee severance that will be paid within the next nine months and facility exit costs of $491 that will be paid within the next nine months.

 

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ANALOGIC CORPORATION

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Continued)

 

8. Balance sheet information:

Additional information for certain balance sheet accounts is as follows for the dates indicated:

 

    

April 30,    

2010    

       

July 31,    

2009    

Inventories:

        

Raw materials

   $ 56,409         $         49,828

Work-in-process

     13,586           13,194

Finished goods

     17,344             15,989
   $ 87,339           $ 79,011

Accrued liabilities:

        

Accrued employee compensation and benefits

   $ 16,279         $ 12,076

Accrued restructuring charges

     1,369           3,812

Accrued warranty

     6,051           5,918

Other

     6,701             8,524
   $ 30,400           $ 30,330

Advance payments and deferred revenue:

        

Deferred revenue

   $ 8,018         $ 5,647

Customer deposits

     3,950             2,110
   $     11,968           $ 7,757

9. Net income per share:

Basic net income per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Unvested restricted shares, although legally issued and outstanding, are not considered outstanding for purposes of calculating basic net income per share. Diluted net income per share is computed using the sum of the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period and, if dilutive, the weighted average number of potential shares of common stock, including unvested restricted stock awards and the assumed exercise of stock options using the treasury stock method.

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,    
        Nine Months Ended
April 30,    
     2010         2009         2010         2009

    Net income

   $ 4,836         $ 2,251       $ 8,486         $ 3,990

    Weighted average number of common shares outstanding-basic

     12,587         12,619         12,574         12,896

    Effect of dilutive securities:

                    

    Stock options and restricted stock awards

     42           72           31           94

    Weighted average number of common shares outstanding-diluted

     12,629           12,691           12,605           12,990

    Net income per share:

                    

    Basic

   $ 0.38         $ 0.18         $ 0.67         $ 0.31

    Diluted

   $ 0.38         $ 0.18         $ 0.67         $ 0.31

    Anti-dilutive shares related to outstanding stock options and unvested restricted stock awards

     278         526         373         416

 

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ANALOGIC CORPORATION

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Continued)

 

10. Comprehensive income (loss):

Components of comprehensive income (loss) include net income and certain transactions that have generally been reported as a component of stockholders’ equity. The following table presents the calculation of total comprehensive income (loss) and its components:

 

    

Three Months Ended  

April 30,  

       

Nine Months Ended  

April 30,  

     2010           2009           2010           2009  

    Net Income

   $     4,836         $     2,251         $     8,486         $ 3,990  

    Other comprehensive income, net of taxes:

                    

Pension adjustment, net of tax benefits of $66 and $1 for the three months ended April 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively, and tax provisions of $51 and $9 for the nine months ended April 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

     (119)          (2)           (262)          14  

Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax provisions of $582 and $193 for the three months ended April 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively, and a tax provision of $796 and a tax benefit of $1,093 for the the six months ended January 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

     (1,853)            2,325             (3,740)            (13,299) 

Total comprehensive income (loss)

   $ 2,864          $ 4,574           $ 4,484           $     (9,295) 

The components of accumulated other comprehensive income, net of taxes, at April 30, 2010 and July 31, 2009 are as follows:

 

     April 30, 2010              July 31, 2009      

Pension adjustment

   $ (2,357      $ (2,095

Foreign currency translation adjustment

         8,452             12,191   

Total

   $ 6,095           $     10,096   

11. Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

The changes in operating assets and liabilities were as follows:

 

    

Nine Months Ended

April 30,

         2010            2009    

Accounts receivable

   $ (6,773)    $ 6,163 

Inventories

     (8,479)      (5,769)

Other assets

     (4,660)      (1,565)

Refundable income taxes

     3,050       4,304 

Accounts payable

     6,745       (3,614)

Accrued liabilities

     (1,123)      (10,264)

Advance payments and deferred revenue

     4,371       (1,936)

Other liabilities

     541       221 

Accrued income taxes

     4,679       (662)

Net changes in operating assets and liabilities

   $         (1,649)    $         (13,122)

 

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ANALOGIC CORPORATION

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Continued)

 

12. Taxes:

The following table presents the provision (benefit) for income taxes and the effective income tax rates:

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,
       

Nine Months Ended

April 30,

     2010         2009         2010         2009

Provision (benefit) for income taxes

   $ 1,467        $ (373)        $ 2,700        $ (2,531) 

Effective tax rate

     23%          -20%          24%          -173% 

The effective income tax rate is based upon the estimated income for the year, the composition of the income in different countries, and adjustments, if any, in the applicable quarterly periods for the potential tax consequences, benefits, resolutions of tax audits or other tax contingencies.

The effective tax rate of 23% and 24% for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2010, respectively, was due primarily to lower foreign tax rates as compared to the U.S statutory rate of 35% and discrete benefits. The discrete benefits of approximately $860 in the nine months ended April 30, 2010 were due primarily to the reversal of tax reserves as a result of the expiration of the statute of limitations for the fiscal years ended July 31, 2004 (“fiscal year 2004”) and 2006 (“fiscal year 2006”). The discrete benefits of approximately $560 in the three months ended April 30, 2010 were due primarily to the reversal of tax reserves as a result of the expiration of the statute of limitations for fiscal year 2006.

The Company’s income tax benefit for the three months ended April 30, 2009 was due primarily to the reversal of $856 of tax reserves due to the expiration of the statute of limitations for the fiscal year ended July 31, 2005 (“fiscal year 2005”). The Company’s income tax benefit for the nine months ended April 30, 2009 was due primarily to the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) income tax refund of $6,459 received in December 2008. The refund, which included $1,065 of interest, was for the carryback of a loss and research and development credits from fiscal year 2004 and from additional research and development tax credits claimed on amended income tax returns for the fiscal years ended July 31, 2001 through 2003. The impact of this refund and related interest was a reduction of unrecognized tax benefits by approximately $3,280, of which $1,232 was recorded as a tax benefit in the nine months ended April 30, 2009. Also contributing to the income tax benefit for the nine months ended April 30, 2009 was the reversal of $856 of tax reserves due to the expiration of the statute of limitations for fiscal year 2005, a discrete benefit of $391 for previously unrecognized tax benefits resulting from the settlement of the IRS audit of the fiscal years ended July 31, 2001 through 2004, and a discrete tax benefit of $404 for the reinstatement of the federal research and experimentation credit back to January 1, 2008. These benefits were partially offset by additional provisions for agreed federal and state adjustments and typical taxes owed related to the Company’s profitable operations in that period.

The total amount of gross unrecognized tax benefits, which excludes interest and penalties discussed below, were as follows for the dates indicated.

 

April 30, 2010        July 31, 2009

$                 11,888

     $            12,877

These unrecognized tax benefits, if recognized in a future period, the timing of which is not estimable, would impact the Company’s effective tax rate.

The Company is subject to U.S. Federal income tax as well as the income tax of multiple state and foreign jurisdictions. The Company has concluded all U.S. Federal income tax matters through the fiscal year ended July 31, 2002 and for the fiscal years ended July 31, 2004, 2005, and 2006. In the next four fiscal quarters, the statute of limitations may close on the Federal and state income tax returns for the fiscal years ended July 31, 2003 and 2007 and on the tax returns filed in various foreign jurisdictions for the fiscal years ended July 31, 2004 and 2005. It is reasonably expected that net unrecognized benefits of $1,729 from these jurisdictions may be recognized within the next four quarters.

The Company accrues interest and, if applicable, penalties for any uncertain tax positions. This interest and penalty expense is a component of income tax expense. At April 30, 2010, the Company had approximately $1,328 accrued for interest on unrecognized tax benefits.

 

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ANALOGIC CORPORATION

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Continued)

 

13. Segment information:

The Company operates primarily within two major markets: Medical Technology and Security Technology. During the first quarter of fiscal year 2010, as part of a strategic review, the Company evaluated the appropriateness and naming of its segments. The Company decided to retain the composition of its reporting segments but change the names to more accurately depict the nature of those segments. Medical Technology consists of three reporting segments: CT and MRI (formerly Medical Imaging Products), which consists primarily of electronic systems and subsystems for CT and MRI medical imaging equipment; Digital Radiography, which consists primarily of state-of-the-art, direct conversion amorphous selenium-based, digital, flat-panel, x-ray detectors for diagnostic and interventional applications in mammography; and Specialized Ultrasound (formerly B-K Medical), which consists of ultrasound systems and probes for the urology, ultrasound-guided surgery, and radiology markets. Security Technology consists of advanced weapon and threat detection aviation security systems and subsystems. The Company’s Other segment represents the Company’s hotel business and general corporate income and expenses. The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those described in the summary of Significant Accounting Policies included in Note 1 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal year 2009.

The table below presents information about the Company’s reportable segments.

 

     Three Months Ended  
April 30,  
         Nine Months Ended  
April 30,  
 
         2010                   2009                   2010                   2009       

Revenue:

                 

Medical Technology from external customers:

                 

CT and MRI

   $ 61,105         $ 50,006         $ 174,106         $ 171,042   

Digital Radiography

     10,062           10,307           26,819           24,533   

Specialized Ultrasound

     22,103             19,198             66,960             58,934   

Total Medical Technology

     93,270           79,511           267,885           254,509   

Security Technology from external customers

     12,202           12,199           31,926           36,293   

Other

     1,728             1,883             6,030             7,058   

Total

   $     107,200           $     93,593           $     305,841           $     297,860   

Income (loss) from operations:

 

                 

Medical Technology:

                 

CT and MRI (A)

   $ 2,822         $ (1,968      $ 6,034         $ (4,925

Digital Radiography (B)

     1,146           2,160           2,435           1,947   

Specialized Ultrasound (C)

     552             (13          1,361             (1,621

Total Medical Technology

     4,520           179           9,830           (4,599

Security Technology (D)

     2,058           1,597           1,783           3,526   

Other

     (391          (271          (452          (513

Total income (loss) from operations

     6,187           1,505           11,161           (1,586

Total other income, net

     116             373             25             3,045   

Total income before income taxes

   $ 6,303           $ 1,878           $ 11,186           $ 1,459   

 

     April 30, 2010             July 31, 2009    

Identifiable assets:

        

CT and MRI

   $ 147,995         $ 134,202  

Digital Radiography

     32,274           28,562  

Specialized Ultrasound

     88,271           92,551  

Security Technology

     12,301           11,849  

Other (E)

     204,465             196,950  

Total

   $     485,306         $ 464,114  

 

(A) Includes restructuring charges of $557 in the nine months ended April 30, 2010 and $2,280 in the nine months ended April 30, 2009.
(B) Includes restructuring charges of $44 in the nine months ended April 30, 2010 and $21 in the nine months ended April 30, 2009.

 

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ANALOGIC CORPORATION

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Continued)

 

(C) Includes restructuring charges of $761 in the nine months ended April 30, 2009.
(D) Includes restructuring charges of $163 in the nine months ended April 30, 2010 and $426 in the nine months ended April 30, 2009.
(E) Includes cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities of $140,396 and $131,084 at April 30, 2010 and July 31, 2009, respectively.

14. Commitments and guarantees:

The Company’s standard OEM and supply agreements entered into in the ordinary course of business typically contain an indemnification provision pursuant to which the Company indemnifies, holds harmless, and agrees to reimburse the indemnified party for losses suffered or incurred by the indemnified party in connection with any United States patent, or any copyright or other intellectual property infringement claim by any third party with respect to the Company’s products. Such provisions generally survive termination or expiration of the agreements. The potential amount of future payments the Company could be required to make under these indemnification provisions is, in some instances, unlimited. The Company has never incurred costs to defend lawsuits or settle claims related to these indemnification agreements. As a result, the Company believes that its estimated exposure on these agreements is currently minimal. Accordingly, the Company has no liabilities recorded for these agreements as of April 30, 2010.

Generally, the Company warrants that its products will perform in all material respects in accordance with its standard published specifications in effect at the time of delivery of the products to the customer for a period ranging from 12 to 24 months from the date of delivery. The Company provides for the estimated cost of product and service warranties based on specific warranty claims, claim history, and engineering estimates, where applicable.

 

    

Three Months Ended

April 30,

  

Nine Months Ended

April 30,

     2010         2009         2010         2009

Balance at the beginning of the period

   $         5,755         $         5,009         $         5,918         $         5,403  

Accrual

     1,490           1,057           3,707           2,753  

Settlements made in cash or in kind during the period

     (1,196)            (719)            (3,576)            (2,809) 

Balance at the end of the period

   $ 6,049           $ 5,347           $ 6,049           $ 5,347  

 

The Company currently has approximately $22,500 in revolving credit facilities with banks available for direct borrowings. The Company’s revolving credit facility agreements contain a number of covenants, including a covenant requiring the Company to maintain a tangible net worth (as defined in the revolving credit facility agreement) of no less than $255,000 as of the end of any fiscal quarter. The Company was in compliance with this covenant at April 30, 2010 with a tangible net worth of approximately $356,300. As of April 30, 2010, there were no direct borrowings or off-balance sheet arrangements.

15. Common stock repurchase:

On October 13, 2008, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $25,000 of the Company’s common stock. The Company completed the repurchase program, which was funded using the Company’s available cash, in the second quarter of fiscal year 2009. During the nine months ended April 30, 2009, the Company repurchased 736,694 shares of common stock under this repurchase program for $25,022 at an average purchase price per share of $33.97. Included in the $25,022 paid for the common stock under this program was $22 of commissions and fees to the Company’s broker.

16. Subsequent event:

The Company declared a dividend of $0.10 per share of common stock on June 8, 2010, which will be paid on July 6, 2010 to stockholders of record on June 22, 2010.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion provides an analysis of our financial condition and results of operations and should be read in conjunction with the unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto included elsewhere in this report. The discussion contains statements, which, to the extent that they are not a recitation of historical facts, constitute “forward-looking statements” pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements, other than statements of historical fact, including, without limitation, statements about product development, market and industry trends, strategic initiatives, regulatory approvals, sales, profits, expenses, price trends, research and development expenses and trends, and capital expenditures, we make in this document or in any document incorporated by reference are forward-looking. Such forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors, which may cause our actual results, performance, or achievements to differ from the projected results. See “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A. of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal year 2009 as filed with the U.S Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on September 29, 2009 for a discussion of the primary risks and uncertainties known to us.

We report our financial condition and results of operations on a fiscal year basis ending July 31. The three months ended April 30, 2010 and 2009 represent the third quarters of fiscal years 2010 and 2009, respectively. All dollar amounts in this Item 2 are in thousands except per share data.

Summary

Analogic is a high technology company that designs and manufactures advanced medical imaging and security systems and subsystems sold to Original Equipment Manufacturers (“OEMs”) and end users in the healthcare and homeland security markets. We are recognized worldwide for advancing state-of-the-art technology in the areas of medical Computer Tomography (“CT”), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (“MRI”), Digital Mammography, Specialized Ultrasound, and Automated Explosive Detection Systems for airport security. Our OEM customers incorporate our technology into systems they in turn sell for various medical and security applications. We also sell our ultrasound products directly to hospitals and clinics through our direct worldwide sales force under the business name B-K Medical ApS (“B-K Medical”).

We operate primarily within two major markets: Medical Technology and Security Technology. Medical Technology consists of three reporting segments: CT and MRI (formerly Medical Imaging Products), which consists primarily of electronic systems and subsystems for CT and MRI medical imaging equipment; Digital Radiography, which consists primarily of state-of-the-art, direct conversion amorphous selenium-based, digital, flat-panel, x-ray detectors for diagnostic and interventional applications in mammography; and Specialized Ultrasound (formerly B-K Medical), which consists of ultrasound systems and probes for the urology, ultrasound-guided surgery, and radiology markets. Security Technology consists of advanced weapon and threat detection aviation security systems and subsystems.

A significant portion of our products are sold to OEMs, whose purchasing dynamics have an impact on our reported sales. OEMs that purchase our CT, MRI, and Digital Radiography products generally incorporate those products as components in their systems, which are in turn sold to end users, primarily hospitals and medical clinics. In our Security Technology business, a major OEM customer purchases and resells our products to end users including domestic and foreign airports as well as the Transportation Security Administration (“TSA”). In Security Technology, our customers’ purchasing dynamics are affected by the level of government funding, the expansion of airport terminals, and fluctuations in airline passenger volume.

The following table sets forth key financial data from our unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended April 30, 2010 and 2009.

 

    

Three Months Ended    

April 30,    

       

Percentage      

Change      

 
     2010         2009            

Total net revenue

   $     107,200         $     93,593         14.5 %  

Income from operations

     6,187           1,505         311.1 %  

Net income

     4,836           2,251         114.8 %  

Diluted net income per share

     0.38           0.18         111.1 %  

Total net revenue increased from the prior year comparable period due primarily to increased demand in our Medical Technology business. Income from operations and net income increased in the three months ended April 30, 2010 as compared to the prior year comparable period due primarily to increased sales volumes and improved product gross margins.

 

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The following table sets forth an overview of cash flows for the nine months ended April 30, 2010 and 2009.

 

    

Nine Months Ended    

January 31,    

       2010             2009  

    Net cash provided by operating activities

   $ 23,149        $ 9,718  

    Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities

     31,270           (61,874) 

    Net cash used for financing activities

     (3,610)          (28,909) 

    Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

     (1,914)            (4,107) 

    Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

   $     48,895           $     (85,172) 

During the nine months ended April 30, 2010, we continued to generate cash from our operating activities. The net cash provided by investing activities in the nine months ended April 30, 2010 was due primarily to the maturity of $40,438 of short-term held-to-maturity marketable securities, which was partially offset by property, plant, and equipment additions of $7,028 and an investment in an affiliate of $1,900. The net cash used for financing activities in the nine months ended April 30, 2010 was due primarily to $3,775 of dividends paid to stockholders.

Over the past several years, we have had significant cash and marketable securities balances, which over the past year have continued to be impacted by a reduction in interest rates. We have historically invested in U.S government backed securities, bonds, and certificates of deposit, the interest rates of which have declined significantly over the last year.

Results of operations

Net revenue

Product revenue

Product revenue is summarized in the table below.

 

    

Three Months Ended  

April 30,  

  

Percentage

Change

       

Nine Months Ended  

April 30,  

       

Percentage

Change

     2010         2009                 2010         2009        

Product Revenue:

                                

Medical Technology:

                                

CT and MRI

   $       58,787         $       47,502         23.8%         $       167,968         $       163,755         2.6%  

Digital Radiography

     10,062           10,075         -0.1%           26,644           24,037         10.8%  

Specialized Ultrasound

     22,103             19,198           15.1%             66,960             58,934           13.6%  

Total Medical Technology

     90,952           76,775         18.5%           261,572           246,726         6.0%  

Security Technology

     8,861             10,089           -12.2%             26,314             29,529           -10.9%  

Total

   $ 99,813           $ 86,864           14.9%           $ 287,886           $ 276,255           4.2%  

CT and MRI

The increases in product revenue for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2010 versus the prior year comparable periods were due primarily to increases in demand by our OEM customers as a result of the improving global economy and the related impact on hospital spending.

Digital Radiography

While product revenue for the three months ended April 30, 2010 remained relatively consistent with the prior year comparable period, it increased for the nine months ended April 30, 2010 versus the prior year comparable period due primarily to increased shipments of mammography detectors to OEM customers. Partially offsetting this growth was a decline in older generation, non-mammography detectors that are being phased out.

 

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Specialized Ultrasound

The increases in product revenue in the three and nine months ended April 30, 2010 versus the prior year comparable periods were due primarily to increases in demand for our new product lines, the Flex Focus and Pro Focus UltraView portable ultrasound scanners, which were introduced late in the second and third quarters of fiscal year 2009, respectively. Also contributing to the increase for the nine months ended April 30, 2010 versus the prior year comparable period was a favorable exchange rate change.

Security Technology

The decrease in Security Technology product revenue for the three months ended April 30, 2010 versus the prior year comparable period was due primarily to fewer baggage scanners being shipped to our customers and a decrease in sales of spare parts and accessories.

The decrease in Security Technology product revenue for the nine months ended April 30, 2010 versus the prior year comparable period was due primarily to fewer baggage scanners being shipped to our customers. This decrease was partially offset by an increase in sales of spare parts and accessories.

Engineering revenue

Engineering revenue is summarized in the table below.

 

     Three Months Ended     
April 30,     
       

Percentage  

Change  

        Nine Months Ended     
April 30,     
       

Percentage  

Change  

     2010            2009                  2010            2009           

Engineering Revenue:

                                

Medical Technology:

                                

CT and MRI

   $     2,318         $     2,504         -7.4%         $     6,138         $     7,287         -15.8%

Digital Radiography

     -               232           -100.0%             175             496           -64.7%

Total Medical Technology

     2,318           2,736         -15.3%           6,313           7,783         -18.9%

Security Technology

     3,341             2,110           58.3%             5,612             6,764           -17.0%

Total

   $ 5,659           $ 4,846           16.8%           $ 11,925           $ 14,547           -18.0%

CT and MRI

The decrease in engineering revenue for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2010 versus the prior year comparable periods were due primarily to the timing of completed milestones on projects for various OEM customers.

Digital Radiography

The decreases in engineering revenue for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2010 versus the prior year comparable periods were due primarily to the timing of completed milestones on a project for an OEM customer in the three and nine months ended April 30, 2010 as compared to the same periods of the prior year.

Security Technology

The increase in engineering revenue in the three months ended April 30, 2010 versus the prior year comparable period was due primarily to an engineering project that began in December 2009 for an OEM customer.

The decrease in engineering revenue in the nine months ended April 30, 2010 versus the prior year comparable period was due primarily to a decrease in engineering revenue on a time and materials project with an OEM customer to transition the eXaminer XLB from a prototype into a manufacturable product. The decrease was partially offset by the engineering project that began in December 2009 for an OEM customer.

 

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Table of Contents

Other revenue

Other revenue is summarized in the table below.

 

    

        Three Months Ended          

April 30,  

       

      Percentage      

    Change    

        

        Nine Months Ended          

April 30,  

       

      Percentage      

    Change    

 
     2010           2009                2010         2009        

Other Revenue:

                               

Hotel

   $     1,728        $         1,883        -8.2 %        $         6,030        $         7,058        -14.6 %  

The decreases in the three and nine months ended April 30, 2010 versus the prior year comparable periods were due primarily to lower occupancy and a decline in room rates at the hotel due to lower business and personal travel as a result of the continuing economic slowdown.

Gross margin

Product gross margin

Product gross margin is summarized in the table below.

 

    

        Three Months Ended         

April 30,  

       

Percentage   

Change   

       

        Nine Months Ended         

April 30,  

       

Percentage   

Change    

     2010           2009                     2010           2009            

Product gross margin

   $         37,084        $         30,956        19.8%       $         105,373        $         93,247        13.0%

Product gross margin %

     37.2%         35.6%               36.6%         33.8%      

Product gross margin percentage increased in the three and nine months ended April 30, 2010 versus the prior year comparable periods. For the three and nine months ended April 30, 2010, the product gross margin percentage improvement was primarily due to lower component pricing from our vendors, lower labor costs as a result of restructuring, and improved manufacturing efficiency as a result of higher production throughput. Also contributing to the improvement in the nine months ended April 30, 2010 were higher margin products, such as Specialized Ultrasound products, making up a higher percentage of the consolidated product revenue.

Engineering gross margin

Engineering gross margin is summarized in the table below.

 

    

    Three Months Ended       

April 30,   

       

    Percentage       

Change   

       

    Nine Months Ended       

April 30,   

       

    Percentage       

Change   

     2010         2009                   2010         2009          

Engineering gross margin

   $         834       $         (302)       N/A       $         428       $         (84)       N/A

Engineering gross margin %

     14.7%         -6.2%               3.6%         -0.6%      

The increases in the engineering gross margin in the three and nine months ended April 30, 2010 versus the prior year comparable periods were due primarily to the engineering project with an OEM customer in our Security Technology business that began in December 2009. The gross margin on this Security Technology project was partially offset by costs in excess of revenues on CT and MRI business projects.

 

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Operating expenses

Operating expenses are summarized in the table below.

 

    

Three Months Ended    

April 30,    

       

Nine Months Ended    

April 30,    

     2010             2009             2010             2009    

Research and product development

   $     12,588         $     10,572         $     36,177         $     34,497  

Selling and marketing

     9,374           8,985           28,298           28,397  

General and administrative

     9,891           9,899           30,704           30,363  

Restructuring charge

     -             -           764             3,488  
   $ 31,853           $ 29,456         $ 95,943           $ 96,745  

Operating expenses as a percentage of total net revenue are summarized in the table below.

 

     Three Months Ended    
April 30,    
         Nine Months Ended    
April 30,    
 
         2010                  2009                  2010                  2009      

Research and product development

           11.7                  11.3              11.8                  11.6

Selling and marketing

   8.8      9.6      9.3      9.5

General and administrative

   9.2      10.6      10.1      10.2

Restructuring charge

   0.0        0.0      0.2        1.2
   29.7        31.5      31.4        32.5

Operating expenses increased $2,397 for the three months ended April 30, 2010 from the three months ended April 30, 2009 due primarily to an increase in performance-based variable cash compensation expense due to improved operating results. The increase was partially offset by the workforce reductions since the third quarter of fiscal year 2009.

Operating expenses decreased $802 for the nine months ended April 30, 2010 from the nine months ended April 30, 2009 due primarily to a decrease in restructuring charges of $2,724. Also contributing to the decrease were the workforce reductions in the second halves of fiscal years 2009 and 2010. These decreases were partially offset by an increase in performance-based variable cash compensation expense due to improved operating results and $688 of contingent professional fees incurred in the nine months ended April 30, 2009 related to an income tax refund.

Other income (expense), net

Other income (expense), net is summarized in the table below.

 

    

Three Months Ended

April 30,

       

Nine Months Ended

April 30,

         2010                 2009                 2010                 2009    

Interest income, net

   $         161         $         531         $         487         $         2,306  

Other income (expense), net

     (45)           (158)           (462)           739  

The decreases in net interest income in the three and nine months ended April 30, 2010 versus the prior year comparable periods were due primarily to a decline in interest rates.

Net other income (expense) during the three and nine months ended April 30, 2010 and 2009 consisted predominantly of foreign currency exchange gains and losses by our foreign subsidiaries.

Provision (benefit) for income taxes

The provision (benefit) for income taxes and the effective tax rates are summarized in the table below.

 

    

Three Months Ended

April 30,

       

Nine Months Ended

April 30,

     2010             2009             2010             2009    

Provision (benefit) for income taxes

   $         1,467         $         (373)         $         2,700         $         (2,531)  

Effective tax rate

     23%           -20%           24%           -173%  

 

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The effective income tax rate is based upon the estimated income for the year, the composition of the income in different countries, and adjustments, if any, in the applicable quarterly periods for the potential tax consequences, benefits, resolutions of tax audits or other tax contingencies.

The effective tax rate of 23% for the three months ended April 30, 2010 was due primarily to lower foreign tax rates as compared to the statutory rate of 35% and discrete benefits of approximately $860 due primarily to the reversal of tax reserves as a result of the expiration of the statute of limitations for fiscal year 2006 in the three months ended April 30, 2010. For the three months ended April 30, 2009, the effective tax rate was due primarily to the reversal of $856 of tax reserves due to the expiration of the statute of limitations for fiscal year 2005 related to our U.S. Federal income tax return.

The effective tax rate of 24% for the nine months ended April 30, 2010 was due primarily to lower foreign tax rates as compared to the U.S. statutory rate of 35% and discrete benefits of approximately $560 due primarily to the reversal of tax reserves as a result of the expiration of the statute of limitations for fiscal years 2004 and 2006 in the nine months ended April 30, 2010. For the nine months ended April 30, 2009, the effective tax rate was due primarily to the IRS refund of $6,459 received in December 2008. The refund, which included $1,065 of interest, was for the carryback of a loss and research and development credits from fiscal year 2004 and from additional research and development tax credits claimed on amended income tax returns for fiscal years 2001 through 2003. The impact of this refund and related interest was a reduction of unrecognized tax benefits by approximately $3,280, of which $1,232 was recorded as a tax benefit in the nine months ended April 30, 2009. Also contributing to the effective tax rate for the nine months ended April 30, 2009 were the reversal of $856 of tax reserves due to the expiration of the statute of limitations for fiscal year 2005, discrete benefits of $391 for previously unrecognized tax benefits resulting from the settlement of the IRS audit, and a discrete tax benefit of $404 for the reinstatement of the federal research and experimentation credit back to January 1, 2008. These benefits were partially offset by additional provisions for agreed federal and state adjustments and typical taxes owed related to our profitable operations in that period.

Net income and diluted net income per share

Net income and diluted net income per share for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2010 and 2009 are as follows:

 

             Three Months Ended           
April 30,  
                Nine Months Ended           
April 30,  
     2010           2009           2010           2009  

Net income

   $ 4,836        $ 2,251        $ 8,486        $ 3,990 

% of net revenue

     4.5%         2.4%         2.8%         1.3%

Diluted net income per share

   $ 0.38        $ 0.18        $ 0.67        $ 0.31 

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

             12,629                  12,691                  12,605                  12,990 

The increases in net income and diluted net income per share for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2010 versus the prior year comparable periods were due primarily to increases in gross margins, partially offset by reduced interest income and lower tax benefits. Also, partially offsetting the increases during the three months ended April 30, 2010 was an increase in research and product development expenses.

Liquidity and capital resources

Key liquidity and capital resource information is summarized in the table below.

 

      April 30, 2010           July 31, 2009 

Cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities

   $               168,750         $               160,293  

Working capital

     271,471           264,140  

Short and long term debt

     -             -    

Stockholders’ equity

     402,292           397,519  

We assess our liquidity in terms of our ability to generate cash to fund our operating, investing, and financing activities. Our primary source of liquidity has been and continues to be internally generated cash flows and access to cash and cash investments. While we have no outstanding debt obligations, we have access to $22,500 in revolving credit facilities with banks available for direct borrowings.

 

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Cash equivalents totaled $168,750 at April 30, 2010 and consist solely of highly liquid investments with maturities of three months or less from the time of purchase. At April 30, 2010, we did not have any held-to-maturity marketable securities having maturities from the time of purchase in excess of three months, which would be stated at amortized cost, approximating fair value. The carrying amounts reflected in the Consolidated Balance Sheets of cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables, and trade payables approximate fair value at April 30, 2010, due to the short maturities of these instruments.

We periodically review our investment portfolio to determine if any investments are impaired due to changes in credit risk or other potential valuation concerns. We believe that our cash equivalents are appropriately valued at April 30, 2010 and are not aware of any market events to date that would impact their valuation. This could change in the future should new developments arise in the credit markets.

We face limited exposure to financial market risks, including adverse movements in foreign currency exchange rates and changes in interest rates. These exposures can change over time as business practices evolve and could have a material adverse impact on our financial results. Our primary exposure is related to fluctuations between the U.S. dollar and local currencies for our subsidiaries in Canada and Europe. Our investment in international subsidiaries is sensitive to fluctuations in currency exchange rates. The effect of a change in currency exchange rates on our net investment in international subsidiaries is reflected in the “accumulated other comprehensive income” component of stockholders’ equity. A 10% depreciation in the April 30, 2010 and July 31, 2009 functional currencies, relative to the U.S. dollar, would result in a reduction of stockholders’ equity of approximately $9,100 and $9,400, respectively.

Cash flows

The following table summarizes our sources and uses of cash over the periods indicated:

 

    

Nine Months Ended    

January 31,    

       2010        2009    

    Net cash provided by operating activities

   $ 23,149     $ 9,718 

    Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities

     31,270       (61,874)

    Net cash used for financing activities

     (3,610)      (28,909)

    Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

     (1,914)      (4,107)

    Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

   $       48,895    $         (85,172)

The cash flows provided by operating activities in the nine months ended April 30, 2010 were due primarily to pre-tax earnings of $11,186 and depreciation and amortization of $13,042. Other items impacting cash flows provided by operating activities were taxes, share-based compensation expense, and a restructuring charge of $2,700, $3,827, and $764, respectively, partially offset by a net change in operating assets and liabilities of $1,649. The net change in operating assets and liabilities was due primarily to increases in other assets, inventories, and accounts receivable of $4,660, $8,479, and $6,773, respectively, as well as decreases in accrued liabilities of $1,123. These changes were partially offset by an increase in advanced payments and deferred revenue, accounts payable, and accrued income taxes of $4,371, $6,745, and $4,679, respectively, as well a decrease in refundable income taxes of $3,050.

The increase in other assets was due primarily to an advance paid as part of a technology development arrangement, which is expected to be repaid over the next 12 months according to the development plan that includes milestones and increases in deferred engineering costs. Inventories increased due primarily to an increase in customer demand and production volumes in part associated with the transition of certain manufacturing activities to our recently established subsidiary in Shanghai, China. Accounts receivable increased primarily due to growth in unbilled receivables and revenue in the third quarter of fiscal year 2010 as compared to the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2009. The decrease in refundable income taxes was due primarily to income tax refunds that were received in the nine months ended April 30, 2010.

 

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The decrease in accrued liabilities was due primarily to the payment of restructuring charge severance and benefit costs and of accrued sales taxes. The increase in advance payments and deferred revenue was due primarily to an advance payment and deferred revenue totaling approximately $2,100 relating to an engineering project for an OEM customer that began in fiscal year 2010. Also contributing to the increase was advance payments from a customer of approximately $1,100 related to the sale of CT components due to the long lead time for the related inventory. The increase in accounts payable was due primarily to the timing of vendor payments and an increase in inventories due to increased customer demand and production volumes. The increase in accrued income taxes is due to income in the nine months ended April 30, 2010.

Net cash provided by investing activities in the nine months ended April 30, 2010 was due primarily to the maturity of $40,438 of short-term held-to-maturity marketable securities, which was partially offset by property, plant, and equipment additions of $7,028 and an investment in an affiliate of $1,900.

The net cash used for financing activities in the nine months ended April 30, 2010 was due primarily to $3,775 of dividends paid to stockholders.

We believe that our balances of cash and cash equivalents and cash flows expected to be generated by future operating activities will be sufficient to meet our cash requirements for at least the next 12 months.

Commitments, contractual obligations, and off-balance sheet arrangements

Our contractual obligations at April 30, 2010, and the effect such obligations are expected to have on liquidity and cash flows in future periods, are as follows:

 

 Contractual Obligation        Total         

Less than

1  year  

        1 - 3 years          

More than

3 years - 5 years

       

More than   

5 years  

 Operating leases

     $       9,355         $         2,784           $       2,316         $ 1,337         $ 2,918  

 Purchasing obligations

       62,442             58,979             3,463             -             -  
     $ 71,797           $ 61,763           $ 5,779           $ 1,337           $ 2,918  

As of April 30, 2010, the total liabilities associated with uncertain tax positions were $7,095. Due to the complexity associated with our tax uncertainties, we cannot make a reasonably reliable estimate of the period in which we expect to settle the non-current liabilities associated with these uncertain tax positions. Therefore, these amounts have not been included in the contractual obligations table.

We currently have approximately $22,500 in revolving credit facilities with banks available for direct borrowings. Our revolving credit facility agreements contain a number of covenants, including a covenant requiring us to maintain a tangible net worth (as defined in the revolving credit facility agreement) of no less than $255,000 as of the end of any fiscal quarter. We were in compliance with this covenant at April 30, 2010 with a tangible net worth of approximately $356,300. As of April 30, 2010, there were no direct borrowings or off-balance sheet arrangements.

Recent accounting pronouncements

Recently adopted

Hierarchy of generally accepted accounting principles

In June 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) released the FASB Accounting Standards Codification and the Hierarchy of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (the “Codification”), effective for financial statements issued for interim and annual periods ending after September 15, 2009. The Codification does not change accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”), but does significantly change the way in which the accounting literature is organized, combining all authoritative standards in a comprehensive, topically organized database. All existing accounting standards documents were superseded and all other accounting literature not included in the Codification is considered nonauthoritative, other than guidance issued by the SEC. We adopted the provisions of this guidance during the quarter ended October 31, 2009, which had no impact on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

 

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Business combinations and noncontrolling interests

Effective August 1, 2009, we adopted FASB guidance that requires an acquiring entity in a business combination to record all assets acquired and liabilities assumed at their respective acquisition date fair values, changes the recognition of assets acquired and liabilities assumed arising from contingencies, changes the recognition and measurement of contingent consideration, and requires the expensing of acquisition-related costs as incurred. This guidance also requires additional disclosure of information surrounding a business combination, such that users of the entity’s financial statements can more fully understand the nature and financial impact of the business combination. This guidance applies prospectively to business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after the beginning of the first annual reporting period beginning on or after December 15, 2008, which is our fiscal year 2010. An entity may not apply it before that date. The provisions of this guidance will only impact us if we are a party to a business combination after July 31, 2009.

Effective August 1, 2009, we adopted FASB guidance that establishes accounting and reporting standards for ownership interests in subsidiaries held by parties other than the parent, the amount of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and to the noncontrolling interest, changes in a parent’s ownership interest, and the valuation of retained noncontrolling equity investments when a subsidiary is deconsolidated. This guidance also establishes disclosure requirements that clearly identify and distinguish between the interests of the parent and the interests of the noncontrolling owners. This guidance was effective as of the beginning of the first annual reporting period that began after December 15, 2008. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

Effective August 1, 2009, we adopted FASB guidance amending the factors that should be considered in developing renewal or extension assumptions used to determine the useful life of a recognized intangible asset and requiring enhanced related disclosures. The guidance improves the consistency between the useful life of a recognized intangible asset and the period of expected cash flows used to measure the fair value of the asset. This guidance must be applied prospectively to all intangible assets acquired as of and subsequent to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. Although future transactions involving intangible assets may be affected by this guidance, it did not impact our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows, as we did not acquire any intangible assets during the nine months ended April 30, 2010.

Effective August 1, 2009, we adopted FASB guidance that amends and clarifies the initial recognition and measurement, subsequent measurement and accounting, and related disclosures of assets and liabilities arising from contingencies in a business combination. The impact of the adoption on our consolidated financial statements will largely depend on the size and nature of any business combinations. The provisions of this amendment will only impact us if we are a party to a business combination after July 31, 2009.

Fair value

Effective August 1, 2009, we adopted FASB guidance requiring disclosures about fair value of financial instruments for interim and annual reporting periods and is effective for interim reporting periods ending after June 15, 2009. The adoption did not have a material impact on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

In August 2009, the FASB issued an update, which provides clarification and guidance regarding how to value a liability when a quoted price in an active market is not available for that liability. The changes as a result of this update were effective for us on November 1, 2009. Our adoption of these changes did not have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

In January 2010, the FASB issued updated guidance related to fair value measurements and disclosures, which requires a reporting entity to disclose separately the amounts of significant transfers in and out of Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements and to describe the reasons for the transfers. In addition, in the reconciliation for fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs, or Level 3, a reporting entity should disclose separately information about purchases, sales, issuances and settlements (that is, on a gross basis rather than one net number). The updated guidance also requires that an entity should provide fair value measurement disclosures for each class of assets and liabilities and disclosures about the valuation techniques and inputs used to measure fair value for both recurring and non-recurring fair value measurements for Level 2 and Level 3 fair value measurements. The updated guidance is effective for interim or annual financial reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2009, except for the disclosures about purchases, sales, issuances and settlements in the roll forward activity in Level 3 fair value measurements, which are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2010 and for interim periods within those fiscal years. We do not expect adoption of the updated guidance to have a material impact on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

 

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Earnings per share

Effective August 1, 2009, we adopted FASB guidance that classifies unvested share-based payment awards that contain nonforfeitable rights to dividends or dividend equivalents (whether paid or unpaid) as participating securities and requires them to be included in the computation of earnings per share pursuant to the two-class method. The guidance was effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008, and interim periods within those years. All prior-period earnings per share data presented are to be adjusted retrospectively (including interim financial statements, summaries of earnings, and selected financial data) to conform with this guidance, with early application not permitted. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

Revenue recognition

In October 2009, the FASB issued an amendment which eliminates the residual method of allocation for multiple-deliverable revenue arrangements and requires that arrangement consideration be allocated at the inception of an arrangement to all deliverables using the relative selling price method. The amendment also establishes a selling price hierarchy for determining the selling price of a deliverable, which includes: (1) vendor specific objective evidence (“VSOE”) if available; (2) third-party evidence (“TPE”) if VSOE is not available; and (3) estimated selling price if neither VSOE nor TPE is available. Additionally, the amendment expands the disclosure requirements related to a vendor’s multiple-deliverable revenue arrangements. This amendment is effective for us on August 1, 2010; however, we elected to early adopt as permitted by the amendment and will prospectively apply the provisions of the amendment to all revenue arrangements entered into or materially modified after July 31, 2009. The adoption of the amendment did not have a material impact on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. See Note 3 in the Notes to the unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.

In October 2009, the FASB issued an amendment to the accounting model for revenue arrangements that include both tangible products and software elements, such that tangible products containing both software and non-software components that function together to deliver the tangible product’s essential functionality are no longer within the scope of software revenue guidance. This amendment is effective for us on August 1, 2010; however, we elected to early adopt as permitted by the amendment and will prospectively apply the provisions of the amendment to all revenue arrangements entered into or materially modified after July 31, 2009. The adoption of the amendment did not have a material impact on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

Not yet effective

Special purpose entities

In June 2009, the FASB issued guidance that eliminates the concept of a qualified special-purpose entity and related guidance, creates more stringent conditions for reporting a transfer of a portion of a financial asset as a sale, clarifies other sale-accounting criteria, and changes the initial measurement of a transferor’s interest in transferred financial assets. This guidance is effective as of the beginning of the first annual reporting period that begins after November 15, 2009. We are currently evaluating the effect, if any, that the adoption of this guidance will have on our financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.

In June 2009, the FASB issued guidance that requires former qualified special-purpose entities to be evaluated for consolidation, changes the approach to determining a variable interest entity’s (“VIE”) primary beneficiary, and requires companies to more frequently reassess whether they must consolidate VIEs. This guidance is effective as of the beginning of the first annual reporting period that begins after November 15, 2009. We are currently evaluating the effect, if any, that the adoption of this guidance will have on our financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.

Revenue recognition

In March 2010, the FASB issued guidance related to revenue recognition that applies to arrangements with milestones relating to research or development deliverables. This guidance provides criteria that must be met to recognize consideration that is contingent upon achievement of a substantive milestone in its entirety in the period in which the milestone is achieved. This guidance is effective for us on August 1, 2010 and is not expected to have a material impact on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

 

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Critical accounting policies

The accompanying discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with GAAP. Our most critical accounting policies have a significant impact on the preparation of these consolidated financial statements. These policies include estimates and significant judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, and expenses, and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. Except for the allocation of consideration in multiple element revenue arrangements (which is described in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended October 31, 2009), we continue to have the same critical accounting policies as are described in Item 7, beginning on page 36, in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal year 2009 filed with the SEC on September 29, 2009. Those policies and the estimates involved in their application relate to revenue recognition; inventory reserves; share-based compensation; warranty reserves; purchase price allocation for business combinations; impairment of goodwill and indefinite lived intangible assets; income tax contingencies; and deferred tax valuation allowances. We continue to evaluate our estimates and judgments on an on-going basis. By their nature, these policies require management to make difficult and subjective judgments, often on matters that are inherently uncertain. Our estimates and judgments are based on our historical experience, terms of existing contracts, our observance of trends in the industry, information provided by our customers, and information available from other outside sources, as appropriate.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

All dollar amounts in this Item 3 are in thousands.

We place our cash investments in high-credit-quality financial instruments and, by policy, limit the amount of credit exposure to any one financial institution. We face limited exposure to financial market risks, including adverse movements in foreign currency exchange rates and changes in interest rates. These exposures can change over time as business practices evolve and could have a material adverse impact on our financial results. Our primary exposure is related to fluctuations between the U.S. dollar and local currencies for our subsidiaries in Canada and Europe.

Our cash and investments include cash equivalents, which we consider to be investments purchased with original maturities of three months or less. At April 30, 2010, we did not have any held-to-maturity marketable securities having maturities from the time of purchase in excess of three months, which would be stated at amortized cost, approximating fair value. Our cash equivalents and marketable securities are comprised primarily of U.S. government discount notes at April 30, 2010. Total interest income for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2010 was $161 and $487, respectively. An interest rate change of 10% would not have a material impact on the fair value of our investment portfolio or on future earnings.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Our management, with the participation of our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of April 30, 2010. The term “disclosure controls and procedures”, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), means controls and other procedures of a company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the company’s management, including its principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions to be made regarding required disclosure. It should be noted that any system of controls and procedures, however well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, and not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the system are met and that management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. Based on the evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of April 30, 2010, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that, as of such date, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level.

There were no changes to our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended April 30, 2010 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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Part II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

In addition to the other information set forth in this report, you should carefully consider the factors discussed in Part I, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal year 2009, which could materially affect our business, financial condition, and future operating results. The risks described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K are not the only risks that we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, and operating results. There have been no material changes to the risk factors set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal year 2009.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

The following table contains information about purchases by us of our equity securities during the three months ended April 30, 2010. All of the shares shown as purchased in the table below were surrendered by our employees in order to meet tax withholding obligations in connection with the vesting of restricted stock awards. These transactions were not part of a publicly announced program to repurchase shares of our common stock.

 

Period        

         Total Number         

of Shares

Purchased

       

     Average Price Paid     

per Share (1)

       

Total Number of

Shares Purchased

as Part of Publicly

     Announced Plans or     
Programs

       

Maximum Number

(or Approximate

Dollar Value) of

Shares that May

Yet Be Purchased

     Under the Plans or     
Programs

    2/1/10-2/28/10

      232         $ 41.09         —           $ —    

    3/1/10-3/31/10

      78           45.82         —             —    

    4/1/10-4/30/10

      1,794           45.82         —             —    

    Total

      2,104         $ 45.18         —           $ —    

 

(1) For purposes of determining the number of shares to be surrendered, the price per share deemed to be paid was the closing price of our common stock on the NASDAQ Global Select Market on the vesting date.

 

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Item 6. Exhibits

 

Exhibit    

Description

31.1   Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/Rule 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended
31.2   Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/Rule 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended
32.1   Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b)/Rule 15d-14(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended
32.2   Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b)/Rule 15d-14(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

    ANALOGIC CORPORATION
Date: June 9, 2010   /s/ James W. Green
   
  James W. Green
  President and
  Chief Executive Officer
  (Principal Executive Officer)
Date: June 9, 2010   /s/ Michael L. Levitz
   
  Michael L. Levitz
  Vice President,
  Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
  (Principal Financial Officer)

 

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EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit    

Description

31.1   Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/Rule 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended
31.2   Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/Rule 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended
32.1   Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b)/Rule 15d-14(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended
32.2   Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b)/Rule 15d-14(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended

 

36

Exhibit 31.1

CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-14(a)/RULE 15d-14(a)

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934, AS AMENDED

I, James W. Green, certify that:

 

  1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Analogic Corporation;

 

  2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

  3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

  4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

  5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

    /s/ James W. Green
     

Date: June 9, 2010

    James W. Green
   

President and Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

Exhibit 31.2

CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-14(a)/RULE 15d-14(a)

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934, AS AMENDED

I, Michael L. Levitz, certify that:

 

  1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Analogic Corporation;

 

  2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

  3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

  4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

  5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

    /s/ Michael L. Levitz
     

Date: June 9, 2010

    Michael L. Levitz
   

Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, and Treasurer

(Principal Financial Officer)

EXHIBIT 32.1

CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-14(b)/RULE 15d-14(b)

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934, AS AMENDED

In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Analogic Corporation (the “Company”) for the quarter ended April 30, 2010 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), the undersigned, James W. Green, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company, hereby certifies, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, that, to the best of his knowledge:

(1) the Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and

(2) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

Date: June 9, 2010

 

    /s/ James W. Green
     
    James W. Green
    President and Chief Executive Officer
    (Principal Executive Officer)

EXHIBIT 32.2

CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-14(b)/RULE 15d-14(b)

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934, AS AMENDED

In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Analogic Corporation (the “Company”) for the quarter ended April 30, 2010 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), the undersigned, Michael L. Levitz, Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, and Treasurer of the Company, hereby certifies, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, that, to the best of his knowledge:

(1) the Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and

(2) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

Date: June 9, 2010

 

    /s/ Michael L. Levitz
     
    Michael L. Levitz
    Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, and Treasurer
    (Principal Financial Officer)